Importance of Essential Fatty Acids in the Diet: EFAs Deficiency Symptoms
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Importance of Essential Fatty Acids in the Diet: EFAs Deficiency Symptoms

Deficiency of Essential Fatty Acids can result in a wide range of symptoms which include poor skin texture, hair loss and fatigue. EFA deficiency can be managed only by dietary corrections which in turn help enhance general health. This article gives insight into importance of EFAs and Symptoms associated with deficiency of Essential Fatty Acids

Essential fatty acids have a critical role to play in the maintenance of optimal health. An insufficiency of the EFAs causes a host of medical conditions and diseases. EFAs are indispensible for healthy hair and skin, maintaining high levels of energy, good attention span, gastrointestinal health and flexibility of the joints.

Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency: Importance of EFAs

Essential fatty acids are extremely vital for the body’s normal functioning, however, our body can not synthesize EFAs, and as a result, they must be incorporated in to the daily menu.

EFAs are required for a range of biological life processes. The principal trigger for EFA deficiency is adulteration of PUFA or poly unsaturated oils during refinement. EFA insufficiency may also develop due to a change in one’s dietary pattern. Inconsistent dietary patterns and erratic meals are significant causes. Modern methods of cooking result in a loss of significant sources of EFAs. What’s more, hydrogenated fats and tans fats have emerged as the basic element of one’s everyday menu.

All these set off essential fatty acid shortage or absence, causing several medical problems. Timely intervention and action are important in order to ward off complications.

Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency Symptoms: EFA Deficiency

The following symptoms are associated with essential fatty acid deficiency:

  • Excessive craving for greasy, fried foods
  • The skin becomes dry and scaly, or may become extremely oily
  • The hair turn rough, dry and frail. Thinning of hair may subsequent result in hair loss. 
  • There is dryness of the eyes and mouth.
  • Excessive thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Bowel movements become irregular which results in indigestion.
  • You can not concentrate and focus on a particular thing
  • Pre-menstrual pain in the abdomen and breasts
  • Joints become painful and stiff

Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency Diagnosis and Treatment: Optimal EFA in Diet

By and large, the diagnosis is done on the basis of the clinical picture. The treatment of essential fatty acid deficiency is exceedingly important. The following options are recommended:

  • Supplementing your everyday diet with EFA supplements is advised. These supplements make up for the insufficiency; and gradually you can taper them off. Doctors advise EFA supplementation in severe cases of deficiencies.
  • Include large portions of walnuts, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, cashew nuts, and fish to your diet. They are rich sources of essential fatty acids and help restore the balance.
  • Olive oil and soya bean oil emulsions manage EFA deficiency effectively too.

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